The grapes used for this type of wine are also unique. They are round, small, very dark with a very rough skin. The roughness of their skin actually protects them from being damaged especially when the autumn rains start to pour in. This also prevents them from being contaminated. These are the very qualities of the Cabernet Sauvignon grapes that makes them one of a kind hence, the wine they produce are one of a kind too.
These very qualities they possess made them a favorite among wine collectors which in turn made them valued very highly in the market. If you will notice, Cabernet Sauvignon is priced higher than the other wines. Now, you know the reason why.
Let’s now proceed to answering the how to homemade wine particularly how to make homemade Cabernet Sauvignon.
The following are the steps in learning the how to homemade wine which are described in summarized details below:
First step in the how to homemade wine is Crushing
Clean the grapes with tap water. Take out the stems but you can leave the little twigs.
Stomp on the grapes to produce the juice. This has always been the traditional way of making grape juice.
Gather the juice together with the crushed grape skins and twigs. This is called your must. Pour it all in your first fermenter or vessel.
Second step in the how to homemade wine is Primary Fermentation
Get the acidity level of your must as well as its sugar content. There’s an acid and sugar level testing kit which you can buy in a wine store or supermarket.
Add more sugar or acid when applicable.
Based on these results, you will know how many campden tablets you need to add.
Put an airlock on your must and let it stay for 24 hours.
Pour in the wine yeast in to the must. Seal it again with the airlock and let it ferment for one week. In that one week, stir it twice every day with a wooden paddle. Plastic ladle is allowed as well.
Third and fourth step in the how to homemade wine is Racking and Aging
Siphon the must while taking out all skin and twigs through straining. What you will have now is the juice which wine makers call “green wine”.
Acidity levels will once again be tested at this point. Try to balance the levels by adding spring water (the least preferred choice), potassium bicarbonate, or calcium carbonate into the mixture.
Siphon once again the “green wine” into another empty vessel. Preferably, use oak barrels. But since it’s expensive for homemade wine makers, you can just add pieces of oak chips into your vessel.
Seal your vessel very tightly. Store it in a dark, cool place for 3 weeks.
After those three weeks, top off the vessels. The vessel that is least full should be siphoned. Just in case microorganisms have penetrated you’re your vessel, kill them by pouring a spoonful of sulfite. Then seal it off tightly.
The leftover wine must be discarded. Otherwise, put it in a smaller vessel.